Beef Moussaka

Beef Moussaka

Layers of cooked aubergine slices alternating with a mixture of minced meat, in a tomato sauce, and covered with a thick béchamel sauce.

In its basic form, «moussaka» [pr. MOO-sah-kah] consists of sliced eggplant and ground lamb or beef that are layered, covered with a béchamel sauce enriched with eggs and/or cheese, then baked. It is a popular dish in Greece.

4 servings
Preparation 45 min
Cooking 30 min

Standing 10 min

580 calories per serving 
Cooking dish: 20 X 28 X 5 cm


Ingredients

1/2 onions, finely chopped   100 g
1 clove garlic, finely chopped    
1 1/2 aubergines / eggplants, large size, sliced into 7 mm thick slices   700 g
1 tbsp olive oil   15 mL
400 g ground beef, extra-lean    
1/2 cup red wine   125 mL
1 1/4 cup canned tomatoes, low sodium   320 g
1 tsp dried oregano   1 g
1 pinch salt [optional]   0.1 g
  ground pepper to taste    
1 cup peanut oil, to fry the aubergines   250 mL
  paper towels, to drain the aubergines    
1/3 cup butter, unsalted, plus some to grease the baking dish   80 g
1/3 cup white flour (all purpose)   45 g
2 cups milk, partly skimmed, 2%   500 mL
1 1/2 cup Cheddar cheese, grated   120 g
3 1/2 tbsp bread crumbs   26 g

Method

The aubergines, meat filling and béchamel sauce are cooked separately then assembled and baked.

Cook the meat filling

  1. Preheat the oven to 195°C/375°F. Prepare the vegetables: finely chop the onion and garlic; slice the aubergines into 7 mm thick slices.

  2. Heat the oil in a pan over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic then sauté 2-3 min, until they become translucent. Increase the heat to medium-high then add the ground meat. Sear it until it looses its red colour, about 4-5 min, then break it up with a fork. In order to brown the meat, it is important not to stir it at the beginning, otherwise it will loose its juices and will «boil» rather than brown. Using a bulb baster, remove any juices released from the meat and reserve them.
  3. When the meat is golden-coloured, pour in the wine and any reserved meat juices. Stir in the diced tomatoes and oregano. Season with salt and pepper. Let the mixture simmer uncovered about 30 min, until it thickens and is almost dry.

Cook the aubergines

  1. While the meat is cooking, fry the aubergine slices in a pan with the hot peanut oil, working in batches, until the slices are golden brown on each side (about 4 min per slice). Set the aubergines on paper towels to drain.

Cook the béchamel sauce

  1. Melt the butter in a saucepan over low heat. Add the flour and beat well using a whisk or a wooden spoon. Cook for 3 min, stirring constantly and taking care not to let it burn. Warm up the milk, then add it slowly while stirring thoroughly to avoid lumps. Cook over medium heat 4-5 min. Grate the cheese, then blend it into the sauce.

Assemble and bake

  1. Grease a baking dish, then arrange half of the aubergines in the bottom of the dish. Add a little salt, then spread the meat mixture over the aubergines. Top with the remaining aubergines. Pour the béchamel sauce over the top aubergine layer. For a nice golden crust, sprinkle the top with the bread crumbs (or additional grated cheese if you prefer).
  2. Cook in the middle of the oven about 30 min, until the top is golden and bubbling on the edges. Let cool 10 min before serving.

Remarks

The meat filling and the béchamel sauce can be made 2-3 days ahead. In that case, fry the aubergines, assemble the moussaka, and bake it just before serving. Alternatively, the whole dish may be made in advance and just rewarmed until heated through when ready to serve (the aubergines will then be softer).

Nutrition Facts Table

Nutrition Facts

per 1 serving (420g)

Amount

% DV*

* DV = Daily Value

Calories

580

Fat

36 g

55 %

Saturated 18 g
+ Trans 1 g

95 %

Cholesterol

125 mg

Sodium

340 mg

14 %

Carbohydrate

29 g

10 %

Fibre

4 g

16 %

Sugars

11 g

Protein

35 g

Vitamin A

40 %

Vitamin C

20 %

Calcium

40 %

Iron

25 %

More info

Servings of Canada's Food Guide

1 serving of this recipe is equivalent to:

Vegetables and Fruit: serving
Grain Products: ¾ serving
Milk and Alternatives: 1 serving
Meat and Alternatives: 1 serving

More info

Claims

Free :
Added Sugar
Low :
Sodium
Source of :
Copper, Vitamin C, Vitamin K
Good source of :
Fibre, Manganese, Pantothenic Acid, Vitamin B6, Vitamin E
Excellent source of :
Calcium, Folacin, Iron, Magnesium, Niacin, Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B2, Vitamin D, Zinc

More info


This recipe is in the following categories: Beef | Main courses/Entrées | High Calcium | High Fibre | High Iron | High Vitamin D | Low Sodium | Greek

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